Andy goes to the hospital for a broken nose, but it turns into a rant session for Ben. It turns out the roommate situation between Ben, April, and Andy hasn’t been ideal because Andy and April continue to use his things without his permission. Andy and Ben negotiate for ways to remedy the externality on their own. If property rights are well established (Ben does own his stuff!) then two parties can work out externalities without government intervention.
See more: bargaining, Coase Theorem, common resources, externalities, negative externalities, private costs, private goods, public goods, social benefits, social costs, transaction costs, types of goods
Tom recognizes that he can be successful by standing behind successful people and taking partial credit. Free riders often disrupt the efficiency of markets because they receive the benefits without putting in the same level of costs. This rent seeking behavior is apparent in a variety of examples from public service to group projects.
See more: free rider problem, private goods, rent seeking, types of goods
Leslie and Ben are holding a town forum for Indiana’s Smallest Park, but a town citizen brings up that she’s concerned about whether basketball will be played at this park because it brings undesirables to the park. Leslie then demonstrates all the possible problems that could come from this park, including grilling and fireworks.
See more: club goods, common resources, externalities, public goods, types of goods
Pawnee is going through a bit of a budget crises and they have decided to cut the Parks Department budget so that no parks will be open over the summer break. This also means that a previously-planned concert needed to be canceled as well. The citizens of Pawnee want to know what services the government will provide if they are shut down. Ron relishes in the fact that the services aren’t provided.
See more: common resources, government shutdown, government spending, public resources, role of government, types of goods
Ron believes that the government should be operated by private enterprise (like Chuck E. Cheese) that uses a token system to participate, like taking a walk, going down a slide, or seeing a duck. This would take a previously nonexclusive good and turn it into one that must be purchased to be consumed.
See more: capitalism, common resources, exclusivity, private goods, profit maximization, public goods, types of goods
Leslie tries to turn a local pit into a community garden and allow citizens to plant whatever they chose in the garden. One citizen has taken advantage of the situation and decided to plant marijuana in the garden instead of vegetables or flowers.
See more: common resources, free rider problem, incentives, public goods, social costs, types of goods
The government often provides services for public goods and common goods when the private market isn’t ready to accept that responsibility. Because Ron is a big believe in free markets, he isn’t happy that federal money is being spent on providing common resources for the community. He believes that the best kind of park would be one ran by Chuck E. Cheese.
See more: common resources, excludability, federal budget, free rider problem, government, government programs, government spending, rivalry, role of government, types of goods