Andy hits his head against the wall, but can’t afford to go see a doctor. He hasn’t had insurance for two years because he thinks he only needs it for when something bad happens. Moral hazards often arise when one party takes on more risk because they are insured.
See more: adverse selection, asymmetric information, health economics,insurance, moral hazard, public health
While on suspension, Leslie buys her officemates Christmas gifts based on their personalities. Ron mentions how he only gives people $20, but realizes how great Leslie’s gifts are and how the office needs to remedy the gift giving imbalance. While Ron takes the most efficient outcome for gift giving, he’s realizing that there may need to be a bit more thought put into the process.
See more: behavioral, equity, gift giving, preferences, utility
Andy has decided to take a class at the local community college and April is helping him look through the catalog. Ron encourages him to take a course in a new subject and broaden his horizons, but April thinks he should take an easy class to get an A.
See more: education, effort minimization, human capital, incentives, labor, signalling, skill building
Andy is ready to register for his first college course, but is shocked by the cost of one class. He then decides to pick up a second job before Ron offers to pay for his class.
See more: cost of college, education, human capital
Andy and April are throwing a Halloween party at their house and start listing off all the things they need to throw a great party. The output is a great party and the inputs are a variety of different items.
See more: complements, inputs, outputs, preferences, production function, utility
Tom needs to move, but doesn’t have a truck. He enlists the help of Mark because he has a pickup truck and Andy/April because he needs labor. All agree to help even though Tom offers no compensation. Social norms often mean that friends help each other despite not being compensated.
See more: behavioral, fairness, gains from trade, irrationality, opportunity costs, social norms
Ann announces that she is not a fan of group dinners where everyone splits the check. This is most likely because she believes she’ll spend under the average bill and would have to pay more than her share if split equally. While it’s more efficient to split the bill, it often leads to some inequities in the final amount each person pays.
See more: behavioral, efficiency, equity, incentives, private incentives, social incentives, tradeoffs